Nanded district is a district of Maharashtra state in central India. The city of Nanded is the district headquarters.

The district has an area of 10,502 km² while according to 2011 census its population is 3,361,292 of which 27.19% were urban.The Godavari River flows through the district.

Nanded District lies in the eastern portion of Marathwada region, which corresponds to Aurangabad Division of Maharashtra. The district is bounded by Nizamabad, Medak and Adilabad districts of Telangana on the east, by Bidar District of Karnataka falls on the south, by Parbhani and Latur districts of Marathwada on the west, and Yavatmal District of Maharashtra’s Vidarbha region on the north. The influence of Telangana, Karnataka and Vidarbha can be seen on the language, behaviour and general conduct of the people of Nanded.

Even though Nanded is only mentioned in historical accounts since 4th century, the evidence of human habitation in this area has been found for the past 40 to 50 thousand years.

Upon reorganization of states in 1956, the district of Nanded came to comprise six talukas namely Kandhar, Hadgaon, Biloli, Degloor, Mudhol whereas Mukhed and Bhokar were called Mahals (revenue headquarters). As a result of reorganization of states, Bichkunda, Jukkal villages of Degloor taluka as well as the whole of Mudhol taluka (excluding Dharmabad) were merged with Nizamabad District of Andhra Pradesh. In lieu of them, Kinwat and Islapur villages were separated from Adilabad District and made part of Nanded District again. Islapur village was combined with Kinwat taluka and Dharmabad came to be merged with Biloli taluka.

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Nanded one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).It is one of the twelve districts in Maharashtra currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).

The District of Nanded lies between 180 15 ‘ to 190 55′ North latitudes and 770 to 78025’ East longitudes. It covers area of above 10,332 per Sq. km. It is located in the south eastern part of the state. It is bounded on the North by Yavatmal District, on the South West by Latur District, on the North West by Parbhani District of Maharashtra State, on the East and South East by Adilabad and Nizamabad Districts of Telangana State and on the South by Bidar District of Karnataka State. The area presents undulating topography with uneven hills, plateau, gentle slopes and valley planes. Physiographically, the district can be divided into 2 major parts, the hilly region on the North and North East and low-lying area on the banks of the rivers Godavari, Manjra, Manyad, Penganga etc.

According to the 2011 census Nanded district has a population of 3,356,566, roughly equal to the nation of Uruguay or the US state of Connecticut.This gives it a ranking of 99th in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 319 inhabitants per square kilometre (830/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.7%.Nanded has a sex ratio of 937 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 76.94%.