Nayagarh district is one of the 30 districts of Odisha State in eastern India. It was created in 1992 when the erstwhile Puri District was split into three distinct districts, namely Khurdha, Nayagarh and Puri. It is home to the Baisipali Wildlife Sanctuary. It is like a Hill station, so far as natural scenery is concerned. Chhena Poda is the favourite sweet for which Nayagarh is famous in Odisha. Hemanta Kumar Padhi is now heading the district administration as the District Magistrate & Collector.

Nayagarh princely state was created around the 13th century and is considered as an important part in the history of Odisha. King Suryamani of Baghela dynasty came to Puri and established his kingdom at Nayagarh. Present Nayagarh District consists of the four Garjat states (small provincial states ruled by the local kings) of ex-states Ranpur, Nayagarh, Khandapara and Daspalla. The aboriginal “Savaras” and “Kandhas” are the indigenous people of Nayagarh District. The Aryans came later. Nayagarh District with its ex-states of Nayagarh, Khandapara, Daspalla and Ranpur played a major role in the freedom struggle of India.

According to the 2011 census, Nayagarh district has a population of 962,215, roughly equal to the nation of Fiji or the US state of Montana.This gives it a ranking of 453rd in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 247 inhabitants per square kilometre (640/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.3%.Nayagarh has a sex ratio of 916 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 79.17%.