Nellore is a city in Nellore district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located on the banks of the Penna River in Nellore mandal ofNellore revenue division. It is a municipal corporation and the headquarters of Nellore district. The city is the fourth most populoussettlement of the state well known for its agriculture and aquaculture.
A mythological story from Sthala Purana depicts, a lingam in the form of a stone under belli tree. The place gradually became Nelli-ooru and then to present day Nellore.
Nellore existed from the times of the Mauryan empire and was ruled byAshoka in the 3rd century B.C. Nellore was conquered by the Rulers of thePallava Dynasty and it was under their till the 6th Century AD, subsequently the Chola rulers ruled Nellore for a long period of time. The Telugu Cholasmet their decline in the 13th Century.Tamil inscriptions indicate that it formed part of Cholas kingdom till their decline in the thirteenth century AD It later became a part.
The climate of Nellore city is a typical tropical maritime climate, with hot, humid summers and mild winters. April and May are the hottest months and the hot conditions generally last until the end of the June, December, January and February are the coolest months. As the Bay of Bengal is at a distance of 24 kilometres (15 mi) from the city, the sea breeze renders the climate of the city moderate both in winter and in summer. Humidity level in the city is high due to its proximity to the coast. Nellore does not receive the south-west monsoon. Rainfall in Nellore occurs between the months of October and December due to the north-east monsoon. This period gives about 60 percent of the city’s annual rainfall. Cyclones are common in the city during this period, causing floods and havoc.
Nellore is represented by Nellore City assembly constituency and Nellore Rural assembly constituency for Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Anil Kumar Poluboina is the present MLA of Nellore City assembly constituency representing YSRCP. Kotam reddy Sridhar Reddy is the present MLA of Nellore Rural assembly constituency representing YSRCP.
Certain industries like Nippo batteries factory, Apache leather shoes factory etc. have their presence. Proximity to the sea and fertile land towards the east have led to agriculture and aquaculture to prosper. The most productive is the Shrimp culturing.
The annual Rottela Panduga/Rotiyaan ki Eid is an annual urs event celebrated at the Bara Shaheed Dargah(shrine of twelve martyrs) on the banks of Swarnala Cheruvu. The event got its name after the practice of exchanging roti(flat breads) and attracts visitors from all background.
The city is well connected by road with national and state highways, a major main line of Indian Railways provides rail connections and it even has a sea trade, with very close proximity to Krishnapatnam Port.
Zaminryot newspaper and Lawyar weekly newspaper are based out of Nellore. In addition, Eenadu and Sakshi newspapers are also printing local editions in Nellore.
Secondary and higher secondary education are handled by SSC board. Although many schools have a choice to pursue school education through Central board (CBSE).Several institutes are offering K.G to P.G in Nellore itself without depending on other states or country’s. Prominent institutions include Vikrama Simhapuri University, Rao’s Educational Society, Indian Institute of Tourism and Travel Management, Veda and Sanskrit college, Government Medical College, and Venkatagiri Raja’s College (VRC) and high school,Narayana Medical College, Atmakur Engineering college, Thrive School.