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The birthday of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose is celebrated on 23 January in West Bengal. This festival is a national festival of West Bengal. Processions with large numbers of young men and girls in military formation parade in every town and village. The main procession is held in Kolkata that attains a length of more than three kilometers and groups of boys and girls play martial band music.

Subhas Chandra Bose, affectionately called as Netaji, was one of the most prominent leaders of Indian freedom struggle. Though Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru have garnered much of the credit for successful culmination of Indian freedom struggle, the contribution of Subash Chandra Bose is no less. He has been denied his rightful place in the annals of Indian history. He founded Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fauj) to overthrow British Empire from India and came to acquire legendary status among Indian masses.