Middle Andaman Island is the central island of the Great Andaman archipelago of India, with a total area of 1,536 km². Population of Middle Andaman consists of Bengali, Tamil and Keralite settlers. The island is also home to many of the indigenous Jarawa people. The main occupation of the inhabitants is farming and Agriculture.

Middle Andaman is separated from North Andaman by Austen Strait, and from Baratang Island at the south by Homfray’s Strait, both shallow and narrow channels, a few hundred metres wide; and from Interview Island at its west by the navigable Interview Passage.

The island’s coastline was inundated by the tsunami resulting from the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake (26th Dec), though the effect was far less severe when compared with other Islands of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Middle Andaman’s main towns are Rangat, Billiground, Kadamtala, Bakultata and Betapur. the northern town Mayabunder, though geographically located on Middle Andaman, is administratively attached to North Andaman.

North and Middle Andaman district is one of the 3 districts of the Indian Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands located in the Bay of Bengal. Mayabunder town is the district headquarters. The area covered by this district is 3251.85 km2.

This district was created on August 18, 2006 by bifurcating the erstwhile Andaman district, which included all three tehsils of Mayabunder sub-division of this erstwhile district.

North and Middle Andaman district occupies an area of 3,227 square kilometres (1,246 sq mi).

As of 2010, the district’s chief agricultural products were rice (about 6500 ha), coconuts (3600 ha), rabi pulses (2900 ha), areca nuts (1300 ha) and bananas (650 ha).