Dharashiv district is an administrative district in the Marathwada region of the state of Maharashtra in India. The district headquarters are located at Osmanabad, erstwhile Dharashiv. Temple of goddess Tuljabhavani at Tulajapur is famous in India. This primarily rural district occupies an area of 7569 km² of which 241.4 km² is urban and has a population of 1,660,311 of which 16.96% were urban (as of 2011).

Dharashiv district lies in the southern part of state. It lies on the Deccan plateau, about 600 m above sea level. Parts of the Manjira and Terna River flow through the district. The district is located on the east side of the Marathwada region between latitude 17.35 to 18.40 degrees north, and latitude 75.16 to 76.40 degrees east.

Dharashiv District is bordered by the Beed District to the north, Latur District to the east, Solapur District to the west, Ahmednagar district to the north-west and the Bidar and Gulbarga districts of state of Karnataka to the south. Most of the district lies in the hilly areas of the Balaghat Range.

The rainy season starts from mid-June and continues till the end of September. The climate is humid in October and November and dry and cool from mid-November to January. From February to June the climate is dry and becomes increasingly hot. During summer the temperature of Dharashiv district is low compared to other districts of Marathwada region. The average annual rainfall in the district is 730 mm.

In the 2011 census Dharashiv district had a population of 1,660,311, roughly equal to the nation of Guinea-Bissau or the US state of Idaho.This gave it a ranking of 298th among district of India (out of a total of 640).The district had a population density of 219 inhabitants per square kilometre (570/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.69%.Dharashiv had a sex ratio of 920 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 76.33%.