Pakur district is one of the twenty-four districts of Jharkhand state, India, and Pakur is the administrative headquarters of this district. The district, with a population of 899,200 (census 2011), and covering an area of 686.21 km², is situated on the north-eastern corner of Jharkhand state. The district is bounded on the north by Sahebganj district, on the south by Dumka district, on the west by Godda district, and on the east by the Murshidabad district of West Bengal.Pakur is famous for black stone.It has six blocks and a nagar panchayat.
It is famous across the world for its Black stone. It supplies nearly 500 Truck Stone chips daily to Bangladesh. It is generating the highest revenue for Howrah railway Division by supplying Black Stone Chips across India and Coal to Punjab.
Traditionally, Pakur has been the land of Santhals and Mal Paharia Adivasi people. However, over a period of time, demographic composition has gradually changed and the local folks have come to the mainstream of the Indian society.
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Pakur one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).It is one of the 21 districts in Jharkhand currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
According to the 2011 census Pakur district has a population of 899,200, roughly equal to the nation of Fiji or the US state of Delaware.This gives it a ranking of 465th in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 498 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,290/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 28.15%.Pakur has a sex ratio of 985 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 50.17%. Bengali is the principal language spoken in Pakur district.