Palwal district is the 21st district of Haryana state in northern India. Palwal city is the headquarters of this district.
The city is situated 60 kilometres (37 mi) from Delhi and 55 kilometres (34 mi) from Khair City on the Delhi-Mathura highway (NH-2). The area of the city is 22.10 square kilometres (8.53 sq mi).
It is a place of great antiquity, supposed to figure in the earliest Aryan traditions under the name of Apelava, part of the Pandava kingdom of Indraprastha, which was later restored by Vikramaditya.
Palwal has many temples, Schools, Colleges and banks. It also contains developed areas like Housing board colony, New colony, Main market, shivapuri, Krishna colony, camp colony, Huda sector 2, etc. Government is also putting more emphases toward the economy and development of Palwal as it is situated in mid of developed cities like Delhi, Gurgaon, Noida, Faridabad, Khair, Mathura at and about an equiv-distance, It consist agriculture based areas as well as commercial areas.
According to the 2011 census Palwal district has a population of 1,040,493, This gives it a ranking of 436rd in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 761 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,970/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 25.49%.Palwal has a sex ratio of 879 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 70.3%.
Forest Department is running two schemes namely a forestation and soil Conservation Land Reclamation. As per the National Forests Policy of MOEF, Govt. of India about 1/3 of the geographical area should be under tree cover. In order to achieve this objective various special project large scale plantation on community, Panchayat, Government and Private land were undertaken in last 20 years and saplings of Eucalypyus, Shisham, Neem and other fruit plant were distributed free of costs to farmers to plant in their field.