Panipat About this sound pronunciation is an ancient and historic city in Haryana, India. It is 90 km north of Delhi and 169 km south of Chandigarh on NH-1. The battles fought at the city in 1526, 1556 and 1761 were turning points in Indian history. The city is famous in India by the name of “City of Weaver” and “Textile City”. The first verse of the Bhagavad Gita is possibly referring to Panipat as ‘Dharmakshetra’.
There are some verbs in the Marathi language originated from Third Battle of Panipat related to loss as “Panipat zale” (पानिपत झाले) [a major loss has happened]. This verb is even today used in Marathi language. A common pun is ” Aamchaa Vishwaas Panipataat gela ” [we lost our (Vishwas) Trust since Panipat]. Vishwas ~ son of nanasaheb peshwa & Maratha commander
Panipat is a city of textiles and carpets. It is the biggest center for quality blankets and carpets in India and has a hand loom weaving industry. In addition, Panipat city is the biggest centre of “Shoddy Yarn” in the World. Blankets prepared through Hand loom and Power loom are sent to soldiers. The Samalkha subdivision of this district is famous for Foundry of Agriculture instruments. In this way, this district, which is continuously developing on the industrial base, has an unlimited employment capacity. Not only from Haryana but Businessmen and Engineers and unemployed worker artist Weavers and labour from other states of India visit here in search of employment and settle here permanently.
Panipat also has heavy industry, with a refinery of the Indian Oil Corporation, a Panipat Thermal Power station (plant) Corporation (h.p.g.c.l.)and a National Fertilizers Limited plant.
Panipat railway station is on Delhi-Kalka line and Delhi-Atari/jammu line. It is also well connected by Haryana State Road Transport Corporation and Punjab Roadways buses, especially because it falls on the Delhi-Chandigarh route. National Highway 1 (known as GT road locally) passes through Panipat, and a substantial amount of trade and commercial activities are carried in and around the GT road settlements.
Panipat Elevated Expressway is a six-lane, 10 km (6.2 mi) expressway to decongest the busy Delhi-Amritsar route. The Panipat Expressway is an uplift of the National Highway One.
Panipat is home to more than 50 senior secondary schools, most notable are DAV Cent. Public School, HUDA, Delhi Public School, Panipat Refinery and G D Goenka Public School. There are half a dozen colleges providing courses from undergraduate to graduate level, some of the well known are : Arya P.G. college, S.D.I.T.M and I.B(PG) College Panipat.