Parbhani District (formerly also known as Prabhavatinagar), is one of the eight districts in the Marathawada region of Maharashtra state of India. Parbhani city is the headquarters of this district. Parbhani district is known for religious tourism. Hazrat Turabul Haq Dargah (108-year-old sufi shrine) and Sri Sai Janmasthan Temple, Pathri (birthplace of Sai Baba of Shirdi) are among important religious places.

From 1596 to 1724, major part of the present territory of the district was divided between Pathri and Washim sarkars of Berar Subah of the Mughal empire. In 1724, after the battle of Sakharkheda, it went under the Nizam’s rule. Following the re-organization of the states in 1956, Parbhani along with the other districts of Marathwada became part of Bombay State. On May 1, 1960 when Maharashtra state was formed, it became a part of it.

Parbhani district lies between 18.45 and 20.10 North Latitudes and 76.13 and 77.39 East Longitude. The district is bounded on the north by Hingoli and Buldhana district. On the east by Nanded and Hingoli district, on the South by Latur and on the West by Beed and Jalna districts.

This entire Marathwada region, a district geographical region, was a part of Hyderabad State. After reorganization of states in 1956 it became a part of the then Bombay state and from 1960 onwards it is part of the present Maharashtra state.

The state capital of Mumbai is to the west; Parbhani is well connected by road to other major towns in Maharashtra and also in the neighboring state of Telangana. Parbhani is a major railway junction connecting Telangana with Marathwada. It is also known as a store of Jowar in Marathwada. In the field of education the Parbhani is known for the famous Marathwada agricultural university which is very helpful for the peoples residing all around.

According to the 2011 census Parbhani district has a population of 1,835,982,roughly equal to the nation of Kosovo or the US state of Nebraska.This gives it a ranking of 259th in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 295 inhabitants per square kilometre (760/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 20.18%.Parbhani has a sex ratio of 940 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 75.22%.

The hills on the north east form part of the Ajanta Hill ranges which passes through Jintur Tahsil. The hills on the southern side are the Balaghat Hill ranges. The district is at an average height of 357 m from mean sea level.

Parbhani has been described as the land of saints, as several saints have been associated with Parbhani including like Janabai from Gangakhed. The famous mathematician Bhaskarbhatt was from Bori in Parbhani district.