Dev Bhoomi Uttarakhand is a place on earth where nature has bloomed into its youth and never grown old. 64% of the total land of Uttarakhand is covered with forest – forests are the area that house parks and sanctuary. There are 12 National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in Uttarakhand which cover 13.8% of the total area of the state providing enough space for students, biologists, ornithologists, zoologists and ecologists to research and study on plants, birds, insects and animals. The parks and sanctuaries are located from 800 meters to high altitude protected areas of 5400 meters.
This bio-diversity has made possible for wide variety of flora and fauna to attract national and international tourists, researchers and specialists in Uttarakhand. There are almost 300 species of wild flowers, 4048 species of plants among which 116 species are limited to Uttarakhand only. Similarly, there are 102 species of mammals, 623 species of birds, 124 species of fish, 69 species of reptiles and 19 species of amphibians in Uttarakhand.
Various species of birds, animals and plants including the rare and endangered animals and birds like Ghoral (goat antelopes), Monal, Musk Deer and Snow Leopard are preserved in the parks and sanctuaries of Uttarakhand. Some of the must watch species are black bear, common otter, deer, Indian tiger, jungle cat, king cobra, langur (monkey), leopard, porcupine, python, rhesus monkey, sloth bear and wild dog. The common animals in Uttarakhand forests are antelopes, butterflies, goat, oxen and wild sheep.