Pathanamthitta district is a district in the southern part of Kerala, India. The district headquarters is in the town of Pathanamthitta. However,Tiruvalla city is the largest commercial centre in the district. The district is surrounded by the Kottayam, Idukki, Alappuzha and Kollam districts. It has a border with the state of Tamil Nadu in the east. Pathanamthitta, Tiruvalla, Adoor, Konni, Ranni and Mallapally are the taluks in the district. There are four municipalities in Pathanamthitta. They are Tiruvalla, Adoor, Pathanamthitta and Pandalam.
Because of the large number of pilgrims it receives, Pathanamthitta is known as “the headquarters of pilgrimage tourism” in India, and the district tourism board gave Pathanamathitta the moniker “The Abode of God”. The famous pilgrimage centre of Sabarimala and The most important and famous Christian center is Parumala St Peters, St Paul’s and St Gregorios Orthodox Church famous for the tomb of Saint Gregorios Parumala Thirumeni is situated here. Having three rivers and a forest cover which includes a tiger reserve, the district also attracts many wildlife and nature enthusiasts.
According to the 2001 Census of India, the population was 1,231,577, making it the third least populous district in Kerala (out of 14), after Wayanad and Idukki.Pathanamthitta has been declared the first polio-free district in India.The district is 10.03% urbanised.Pathanamthitta is one of the richest districts in India.
The district’s name is a combination of two Malayalam words, pathanam and thitta, which together mean ‘array of houses on the river side’.The district capital is located on the banks of the river Achankovil.
s presumed that the regions that form the district were formerly under the rule of Pandalam, which had connections with the Pandya kingdom.When Pandalam was added to the princely state of Travancore in 1820, the region came under Travancore administration.
he district was formed on November 1, 1982 in the interest of speeding up development. The formation was done by incorporating various portions of the erstwhile Kollam, Alappuzha and Idukki districts. While the taluks Pathanamthitta, Ranni, Konni and Kozhencherry were taken from Kollam district, Pandalam, Thiruvalla and Mallappally were taken from Alappuzha district.
Pathanamthitta being also a land of culture and learning could bring forth the literary talents of two centuries together in single volume named Desathuti: Pathanamthitta Kavithakal. Unnikrishnan Poozhikkad collected 184 poems of different poets of Pathanamthitta starting from 18th century.Later on Desathuti was formed into a cultural organization which organizes literary symposiums and musical festivals.
Pathanamthitta is a landlocked district, located at 9°16′N 76°47′E, spanning over an area of 2,637 square kilometres (1,018.15 sq mi).The district is bordered by the districts Kottayam and Idukki in the north, Alappuzha in the west, Kollam in the south. To the east it has border with the Tamil Nadu state.
The district can be divided into three natural geographical regions: the highland, the midland and the lowland. The highland stretches through the Western Ghats, where the hills are tall and covered with thick forests. Western Ghats maintains an average altitude of around 800 m. It descends to the smaller hills of midland in the centre and finally to the lowland. The lowland with its abundance of coconut trees, lies along the eastern borders of Alappuzha district.
A new national highway National Highway 183A (NH183A) is declared starting from Adoor to Vandiperiyar in Idukkki district via Pathanamthitta. National Highway 220 (NH220) passes through Tiruvalla. SH 01, SH 05, SH 07 and SH 08 are the major State highways providing connectivity to other towns and districts. SH 08 also known as Main Eastern Highway, is the second longest state highway of Kerala. It connects the townships of Punalur in Kollam district and Muvattupuzha in Ernakulam district. The Kerala Public Work Department (P.W.D) maintains the all the roads in the district, including the village roads. As of 2005, the P.W.D. maintains about 1,596 kilometres (992 mi) of road in the district. Tiruvalla city, has the best road transportation facilities in the district, which is a junction of SH 01, SH 05, SH 07 and several other main district roads.
There is a good connectivity of State transport, K.S.R.T.C., on all major state highways in the district.The K.S.R.T.C depot at Tiruvalla city is one of the largest in Kerala, with modern shopping facilities. There are inter-state services to Bangalore and Tenkasi from Tiruvalla. However, on other roads and especially towards the eastern side, the State transport service is less frequent. Here, private bus operators facilitate the transportation needs. The K.S.R.T.C. has seven major depots in the district namely, Pandalam, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvalla, Mallappally, Adoor, Ranni and Konni. From Pathanamthitta, there are Inter State Services to Coimbatore and Tenkasi.
According to the 2011 census Pathanamthitta district has a population of 1,195,537, roughly equal to the nation of Timor-Leste or the US state of Rhode Island.This gives it a ranking of 399th in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 453 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,170/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was −3.12%.Pathanamthitta has a sex ratio of 1129 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 96.93%.Pathanamthitta District is one of the few districts to have negative growth in population.