This is celebrated on the Amavasya day in the month of Bhadrapada. When the sun is in the zodiacal sign of Kanya or virgo and in conjunction with the moon. It is a very auspicious day for offering oblations to the pitris that is names of the departed ancestors. The whole fortnight called pitri pakshas i.e. the fortnight preceding Amavasya is sacred for propitiating departed souls. People go to sacred rivers like Ganga in North India, Godavari and Krishna in Andhra and Kaveri in South India to offer oblations and pindas to their ancestors.

All Hindus take it to be an auspicious day, the twice born that is dwijas and particularly Brahmins perform the rituals on an elaborate scale according to the rules laid down in religious manuals. The lower castes and particularly the poor people remain content with the offer of a day’s ration called Sahityam or Swayampakam (food cooked one self) to their family priest in the name of their departed ancestors. The eatables and special dishes are prepared according to the means of the family. Non vegetarians drink liquor and eat meat for the satisfaction of the departed ancestor.

This is a month wise list of most Hindu festivals in year 2016. Most of the Hindu festivals are determined based on position of the Sun and the Moon. Please visit Hindu Festivals as per Lunar month to know in which Lunar month festivals are celebrated. Hindu Festivals depend on location and might differ for two cities and difference is quite noticeable for cities in different time zone. Hence one should set the location before looking into the festival list.

Hindu festivals calendar is also known as Hindu Vrat and Tyohar calendar. The fasting is known as Vrat and festival is known as Tyohar or Parva in local language. Most Hindu festivals calendar include significant fasting days along with festivals. Many Hindu festivals are celebrated while keeping a day long fast on the festival day. Hence in Hinduism Tyohar(s) are time for celebrations, deity worship and austerity.