After India’s independence, the United Provinces were reorganised as Uttar Pradesh in 1957. The state has provided seven of India’s prime ministers and is the source of the largest number of seats in the Lok Sabha. Despite its political influence, its poor economic development and administrative record, organised crime and corruption kept it amongst India’s backward states. The state has been affected by repeated episodes of caste and communal violence.In 1999, northern districts of the state were separated to form the state of Uttarakhand.