Pratapgarh

Pratapgarh district is the 33rd district of Rajasthan, created on 26 January 2008.It is a part of Udaipur Division and has been carved out from the erstwhile tehsils of Chittorgarh, Udaipur and Banswara districts. Pratapgarh town (Pin Code 312605, STD Code 01478) is the administrative headquarters of the district.

Sisodia clan is amongst the ancient royal families in India.This family ruled Mewar for more than eight hundred years. The famous Rajputs- Maharana Sangram Singh (also known as Rana Sanga), Maharana Kumbha and Maharana Pratap (May 9, 1540 – January 19, 1597) all belonged to this family. The rulers of ‘Partabgadh-Raj’ were descendants of Sisodia clan of Mewar Rajputs.

Maharana Kumbha (1433–1468) was the ruler of Chittaurgarh state in the 14th century. Legend has it that due to some family dispute on property issues with his cousin Kshem Singh alias Kshemkarana (1437–1473), angry King Kumbha expelled him from his territory. Kshemkaran’s family was refugee for some time and lived in the Aravali ranges in the southernmost part of Mewar regime. In 1514, Kshemkaran’s son Prince Surajmal (1473–1530) became the ruler of Devalia. Surajmal established his capital of ‘Kanthal-Desh’ at Dewaliya, (also called Devgarh), a small town about 10 km in the west from present Pratapgarh town, where old temples, cenotaphs, a historical palace and other ruins of bygone ‘Partabgarh’ regime still can be seen. Thus, historically, Pratapgarh has been an integral part of Mewar Rulers of Udaipur.

Rich in natural beauty and an ideal blend of Malwa, Mewar and Vagad cultures, Pratapgarh known in earlier times as ‘Kanthal’, is surrounded by Udaipur, Banswada, Chittaurgarh districts of Rajasthan and Neemach and, Mandsaur districts of Madhya Pradesh (MP). The people of this region are more linked with MP for social obligations than other parts of Rajasthan, because Neemuch, Mandsaur and Ratlam districts of MP surround Pratapgarh boundaries in about 60% length.

The district includes members of all sects, religions and castes including Bhil, Balai, Bhanti, Dhholi, Patidar, Rajput, Brahmin, Mahajan, Sunar, Darzi, Chamar, Luhar, Suthar, Nai, Dhobi, Koli, and above all Mina; major occupants are traditional Meena tribals, exclusively dependent on agriculture, animal husbandry and forestry, who have their own culture, attire, dialect, rituals, fairs and festivals. A good number of native Bohra families are engaged in overseas trading and business in Middle East countries.

The major attractions of the district are Sita Mata Wildlife Sanctuary and Jakham Dam, however, large number of visitors and pilgrims do visit the old temples at Ambamata Shaktipeethh, Bhanwarmata, Gautameshwara Mahadev Paapmochan Teertha, Sholi Hanuman Temple, Deepeshwar Mandir and many other temples. The magnificent Tomb (Dargah ) of Syedi Kaka Ji Saheb is also a popular destination, especially amongst Dawoodi Bohra community of Muslims, who gather here in large numbers on the occasion of Annual Urs of Syedi Kaka Ji Saheb.

The major fairs of this region are- Ambamata Fair, Sita Mata Fair, Gautameshwara Fair (on ‘Vaishak-Poornima’) and Bhanwar Mata Fair. Fairs on stipulated dates are also held in small places like Shaulee-Hanumanjee, Gangeshwara-Parsola, Manaa-Gaon, and Gupteshwara Mahadev in and around Pratapgarh.

Although all major Hindu festivals like Diwali, Govardhan Puja, Holi, ‘Rang-Teras’,’Raksha Bandhan’, ‘Mahashivratri’, ‘Hanuman Jayanti’ and ‘Vijayadashami’ etc. are celebrated in Pratapgarh, yet ‘Sharad Navratri’ and ‘Vasant Navratri’ both are also celebrated in the city with fun and floric. “Doondhotsava” is celebrated on Holi. The people of city do not celebrate “Dhulendi’ on the following day after Holi, as done all over India, but colour holi is celebrated thirteen days after on the hindu day of “Rang Teras”. ‘Gair’-Dancers can be seen all over the villages during ‘Dashaamaataa’ festival. A procession of folk-God Baba Ramdevji is a regular feature on ‘Bhag-Dashmee Teej’. ‘Sheetalaa Saptmee’ is also observed in the district, when only “Makki-Dhoklas” (cooked before a day prior to the festival) are consumed. Some tribals have a tradition of ‘second marriage’ as an approved social-custom.

The population of Pratapgarh in 1881 AD was 79,568; whereas it was 1,10,530 in 1951. According to the 2011 census Pratapgarh district (Rajasthan) has a population of 868,231, roughly equal to the nation of Qatar or the US state of Delaware.This gives it a ranking of 472nd in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 211 inhabitants per square kilometre (550/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 22.84%.Pratapgarh has a sex ratio of 982 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 56.3%.

Pratapgarh is well connected with major cities in Rajasthan, Gujarat & Madhya Pradesh by road . Daily Bus Services connect Pratapgarh with Chittaurgarh (110 km ), Banswara (80 km), Udaipur (165 km), Dungarpur (95 km), Rajsamand (200 km), Jodhpur (435 km), Jaipur (421 km) Neemach (62 km ) Ratlam (85 km), Mandsaur (32 km) and Delhi (705 km) and many other cities in Rajasthan. Private Bus operators are also providing regular connectivity to Pratapgarh from nearby places.

There is one ‘District Hospital’ at Pratapgarh (with 277 bed-capacity), 7 Community Health Centers and dispensaries, 53 Ayurvedic and homeopathy hospitals and dispensaries, 23 PHCs (Primary Health Centres), 2 allopathic dispensaries and 153 Sub-centers in Pratapgarh. Ambulance on call “Emergency 108–service” is available in Pratapgarh, Dhariyawad, Arnod, Peepalkhoont and Chhoti Sadri with nine such equipped vans. An inbuilt multi-facility Mobile Medical Unit (MMU) has also been added to Pratapgarh Civil Hospital to cater to the medical needs of far-off villages in June 2011.