Purba Medinipur district or East Midnapore district is an administrative unit in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is the southernmost district of Burdwan division – one of the three administrative divisions of West Bengal. The headquarters in Tamluk. It was formed on 1 January 2002 after the Partition of Midnapore into Purba Medinipur and Paschim Medinipur which lies at the northern and western border of it. The state of Odisha is at the southwest border; the Bay of Bengal lies in the south; the Hooghly river and South 24 Parganas district to the east; and Howrah district to the north-east.

Purba Medinipur is formed of the sub-divisions of Tamluk, Contai and Haldia of erstwhile Midnapore district.Another sub-division, Egra has been created out of the erstwhile Contai sub-division during the partition of Midnapore. In 2011, the state government has proposed to rename the district as Tamralipta district after the ancient port city of Tamralipta which used to lie near the modern district headquarters.

Purba Medinipur saw many political movements during the British Raj. A parallel government named the Tamralipta Jatiya Sarkar was formed during the Quit India Movement in Tamluk.In 2007, Purba Medinipur witnessed the Nandigram violence, an incident of police firing that killed 14 farmers.

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Purba Medinipur one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).It is one of the 11 districts in West Bengal receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).

According to the 2011 census Purba Medinipur district has a population of 5,094,238, roughly equal to the United Arab Emirates or the US state of Colorado.This gives it a ranking of 20th in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 1,076 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,790/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 15.32%.Purba Medinipur has a sex ratio of 936 females for every 1000 males.

According to the 2011 census, the district has a literacy rate of 87.66 up from 80.20% of 2001 census. As per 2001 census, this district had a male literacy rate of 89.1% and female literacy rate was 70.7%. The education index of this district is 0.74 and it is ranked first in literacy in comparison to other districts of West Bengal.