Raigarh is a city and municipal corporation in the Raigarh district of the Indian state of Chhattisgarh. The administrative headquarters of Raigarh district, it is known for its coal reserves and power generation for the state as well as the country.
It is a rapidly growing industrial city and home to the Mohan Jute Mill, one of the oldest jute mills in India and the only one in Madhya Pradesh prior to the splitting off of Chhattisgarh in 2000. Raigarh is also a major producer of steel and iron ore as well as the cultural and industrial capital of Chhattisgarh. Jindal Steel and Power Limited is a major steel plant based in Raigarh.
Raigarh is a major rice producing district with a net production of 350,000 tonnes per annum. A major rice processing industry in the district is Raigarh Foods & Hotel Business Pvt Ltd.
Raigarh consists of various shopping complexes, broad four-lane roads, 3 star hotels, upcoming malls and much more. Ela Mall is an upcoming mall at raigarh.
Prior to Indian Independence, Raigarh was capital of Princely State of Raigarh. After the independence of the country, the princely state was the first ones to join the Union of India. The Royal family still resides here, but due to Privy Purse and internal conflicts, the royalty seems to have faded away.[original research?] Moreover, the palace – Moti Mahal – is in very bad shape. It has recently been declared a heritage site by the state government.
Raigarh is located at 21.9°N 83.4°E. It has an average elevation of 215 metres (705 feet). The Kelo river flows through the city, which is one of its main water sources.
The minimum – maximum temperature range is 29.5 – 49 °C in summer, and 8 – 25 °C in winter.
Languages spoken are Hindi, and Odia. The demographics of the city consist mainly of people from Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Orissa and Bihar. A sizeable community of Bengali, Telugu and Marathi speaking people also live here.
As of 2001 India census, Raigarh district had a population of 12,69,925, and the city of Raigarh a population of 364,287. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Raigarh has an average literacy rate of 71%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 62%. About 80% of the population are Hindus, 15% Christians and remaining 5% are other religions. In Raigarh, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
‘Naya Raigarh’ (New Raigarh) involves the transformation of old Raigarh into a better planned and a laid out town. Located around National Highway 216, it lies 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) to the south-east of the old town of Raigarh and 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the proposed NTPC Lara-Pussore site. Kodatarai Airport (the future domestic airport of Chhattisgarh) separates the old Raigarh, new Raigarh and the NTPC site. Naya Raigarh will serve as the industrial capital of the state and also cater to the infrastructure needs of industry and trade in the region. Naya Raigarh is spread over an area of about 600 acres (240 ha) and includes a number of villages of which Kodatarai village forms the core of the Naya Raigarh. About half of the total acquired land is being used for afforestation, roads, parks, public conveniences, water facilities-canals, green belts etc. 23 percent of the land will be reserved for educational institutions, government offices and public auditoriums etc. 30 percent of the land will be designated for residential and economic use.
Raigarh is a cultural city known for its Kathak dance and classical music. Raja Chakradhar Singh of Raigarh made prominent contributions to the development of Kathak Dance. Every year on Ganesh Chaturthi a festival called ‘Chakradhar Samaroh’ is organized in which music and dance exponents from all over India visit and display their arts. This event is organized in memory of Raja Chakradhar Singh.
Raigarh is one of the favorite destinations in the state of Chhattisgarh which is known for Kosa silk, rice fields and indigenous tribes. Nearby place to visit in Raigarh are Pahad Mandir at Gajmar Pahadi, Ram Jharna, Teepa Khol, Maa Chandrasini Devi Temple and Banjari Mandir.
Famous Tourist Places near Raigarh Chhattisgarh also includes a small zoo called Indira Vihar,Gomarda Wildlife Sanctuary near Sarangarh,Shri Shyam Mandir,Raigarh Fort and recently build Sai baba temple in urdana.