Ramanagara is a town and a city municipal council in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is also the headquarters of Ramanagara district.

The town was known as Shamserabad at the ruling time of Tippu Sultan. It was then called Closepet, after Sir Barry Close (1756–1813) in pre-Independence times. This name is retained in geology.

Ramanagara is approximately 50 km southwest of Bengaluru

As of 2001 India census, Ramanagar had a population of 79,365. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Ramanagar has an average literacy rate of 63%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 67%, and female literacy is 58%. In Ramanagar,13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Figures for the district, which was carved out of Bangalore Rural in September 2007, are not available as yet.now its change to Ramanagram District

Ramanagar has educational institutes like Ghousia College of Engineering and Government engineering college, M.M.U. College of Pharmacy(MMUCP),Jnana Vikas Institute of TechnologyJVIT, Government Law College, B.S.V.P (Bharatiya Samskriti Vidyapitha),Government Women’s Polytechnic, MH College of Education, Shantiniketan Group of institution,Vasavi vidyaniketan, sharada B Ed, D Ed college, RK TECHNOLOGIES , Little Pretty English school,Government Boys College .Mahila

Ramanagar is famous for its sericulture, and is nicknamed Silk Town & Silk City . The silk produced in this region forms the input for the famous Mysore Silk. Ramanagar is the largest market for silk cocoons in Asia. 50 tonnes of cocoon a day arrive at the town

It is home of many critical birds like long-billed vulture, Egyptian vulture and yellow-throated bulbul. Most of the vultures habitat can be also seen around the mountain. The State government has declared 346.14 hectares in Ramanagar as Ramadevarabetta Vulture Sanctuary (RVS), to protect long-billed vultures, which are on the verge of extinction.

Climbers have been undertaking technical climbing in and around the hills of Ramanagara since the 1960s. There are over 80 documented sport routes abounding in a radius of 20 square kilometers, ranging in grades from 5.6 to 5.12 (Yosemite Decimal System grading), and ranging from single pitch to three pitch routes. There are no published guide books at this time (Feb 2015), but quite a few resources online can be used as reference.