Ramban is one of the 22 districts in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India. Ramban is located in the lap of Pir Panjal range of the mighty Himalayas. It was carved-out out of erstwhile Doda District keeping in view the backwardness, remoteness and aspiration of people of the area. District Ramban started functioning as independent unit on April 1, 2007. Ramban town is the district headquarters. The town is located midway between Jammu and Srinagar along the Chenab river, on National Highway-44, (originally National Highway 1A (India)) approximately 150 km from Jammu and Srinagar.
Ramban district is 1,156 metres (3,792 feet) above sea level. The boundary lines of Ramban district encompass hill station Patnitop as its southernmost point, Assar on its eastern edge, Gool to the west, and Banihal to the north. TerrinTerrain of district Ramban is tough and hilly. District Ramban shares its boundary with Reasi, Udhampur, Doda, Anantnag and Kulgam.
The climate of the District varies according to altitude. The temperature rises as high as 42 °C in the low lying areas like Ramban town located in between steep Mountains on the banks of river Chenab and drops to sub zero in the high altitude areas like Dhagantop. Asthanmarg. Lalagundi, Budhan. The working season in most of the district is about eight months because of typical weather conditions in the district.
According to the 2011 census, Ramban district has a population of 283,313. roughly equal to the nation of Barbados. This gives it a ranking of 573rd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 213 inhabitants per square kilometre (550/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 31.81%. Ramban has a sex ratio of 901 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 56.9%.
Kashmiri is the most widely spoken language in the district. The other languages spoken here are Urdu, Punjabi, Dogri, Poguli, Sirazi and Gojri. Ramban has a Muslim majority, with Muslims constituting about 70% and Hindus constituting about 28% of the population.
Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel is India’s Longest Railway Tunnel. It is 11.2 km long and will connect Banihal with Qazigund in Kashmir Valley. This tunnel is a part of Kashmir Railway.
A major hydroelectric project, Baglihar Dam is being constructed by JP Industries at Chanderkote, about 8 km from Ramban. The potential of this project is 900 mW, and it will be completed in two phases of 450 mW each.