Rewa

Rewa is a city in the north-eastern part Madhya Pradesh state in India. It is the administrative center of Rewa District and Rewa Division. It is the former capital of the princely state of Rewa and the former state of Vindhya Pradesh. The city lies about 420 kilometres (261 mi) northeast of the state capital Bhopal and 130 kilometres (81 mi) south of the city of Allahabad. Rewa derives its name from another name for the Narmada River. Rewa is connected to Allahabad via NH 27 and Sidhi, Satna, Maihar and Varansi via NH-7

Rewa has a humid subtropical climate, with cold, misty winters, a hot summer and a humid monsoon season. Summers start in late March and go on till mid-June, the average temperature being around 30 °C (86 °F), with the peak of summer in May, when the highs regularly exceed 40 °C (104 °F). The monsoon starts in late June and ends in late September. These months see about 40 inches (1025 mm) of precipitation. The average temperature is around 25 °C (77 °F) and the humidity is quite high. Temperatures rise again up to late October when winter starts, which lasts up to early March. Winters in Rewa are cold and misty with average temperatures around 15 °C (58 °F) and little rain. The winter peaks in January when temperatures may drop close to freezing on some nights. The total annual rainfall is about 1128 mm (44 inches).

As of 2011, Rewa had a population of about 235,422. out of which 121,998 are males and 113,424 are females. Rewa has an average literacy rate of 73.42%, male literacy is 83.67%, and female literacy is 62.49%. In Rewa, 14.41% of the population is under 6 years old.

The district derives its name from Rewa town, the district headquarters, which is another name for the Narmada River. The district with its present boundaries came into existence in 1950 after the promulgation of the Provinces and states (Transfer of ENCLAVES) order 1950. Prior to August 1947 the district, along with the Raghurajnagar tehsil of the erstwhile Rewa state, corresponded to the north Rewa district of that state. The territories now included in the district were held by the imperial Maurya dynasty which ruled in the 3rd century B.C. In the advent of the Kalchuris from the 9th to the end of 12th century. The Baghela king driven eastwards by Ulugh Khan, brother of the emperor Alauddin in the 13th century appeared in this Baghela kings till the abdication of the Crown by the last successor of the dynasty, Martand Singh. After the country became independent, the Rewa ruler acceded to the Union of India. The present Rewa district came into existence in 1950.

Rewa is home to many schools and colleges, including Awadhesh Pratap Singh University,Government Engineering College, Rewa and Shyam Shah Medical College.

Rewa railway station is connected to Satna through the 50 km Satna-Rewa branch line. Satna falls on the Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line. Nearby highways include NH 7, NH 27, and NH 75. The nearest airports are at Khajuraho, Allahabad, Jabalpur and Varanasi. Rewa has an air strip at Churhata, approximately 7 km from the city centre off NH 7. It is connected through Air Connect (small size aircraft) from Bhopal.

The city has two bus stands, the Rewanchal Bus Stand (Old Bus Stand) and the Sardar Valabh Bhai Patel Inter-State Bus Stand (New Bus Stand).

Major industries in Rewa are cement (Jaypee cements),cable (VTL),power generations plants (Jaypee power and Bansagar project), pharmaceuticals, paper and plastic industries.

Jaypee groups has 2 cement plants in Rewa city Jaypee Rewa Cement Plant (JRCL) with an initial capacity of 1 million tonnes was established in 1980 and Jaypee Bela Cement Plant (JBCP) in 1996 with an initial capacity of 1.9 million tonnes.In power generation category, Bansagar hydroelectricity project adding clean 435 MW of electricity to the national grid and its reservoir, irrigating major part of the agricultural land in Rewa. India’s largest solar power plant has been planned to be set-up with a capacity of 700MW