Sabar-Kantha

Sabarkantha is a district in Northeast of Gujarat state of India.

The administrative headquarters of the district is Himatnagar, about 80 km from Ahmedabad.

Sabarkantha District is bounded by Rajasthan state to the northeast, Banaskantha and Mehsana districts to the west, Gandhinagar to the south and Aravalli District to the South – East.

Himmatnagar is a district headquarters, and talukas Prantij and Talod are major industrial locations in Sabarkantha

Key raw materials such as groundnut, cotton, clay,oilseeds and tobacco are abundantly present in Sabarkantha.

The district comprises 7 Talukas. It is spread across an area of 7390 km2. It has a gender ratio of 950 females per 1000 men, and the literacy rate for the district is 76.6%.

During the Western Satrap rule, the region was known as Shwabhra (Gujarati: શ્વભ્ર). The region is under rule of Satrap Rudradama in 150 A.D. as indicated in Ashoka’s Major Rock Edicts at Junagadh. The river of the region is named as Shwabhravati which is now known as Sabarmati river. The region is also named in auxiliary text Gaṇapāṭha of Pāṇini’s grammar work, Aṣṭādhyāyī.

During the British Raj Vijaynagar in Sabarkantha district was the capital of Vijaynagar State or Pol State, one of the princely states of the Mahi Kantha Agency.

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Sabarkantha one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the six districts in Gujarat currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF)

Idario Gadh – Ilva Durga (ancient fort) – Idar is an ancient fort, known as ‘Ilva Durga’ and finds mentioned in Mahabharat and in the travelogue of the Rathore Rajputs in the Mahi Kantha agency at the time of British Raj. It is a classic example of a naturally protected hill fort, located at the southern edge of the Aravalli range. At the foothill, lay the ruins of an old palace, a fine specimen of architecture in stone with delicately carved balconies. The entry to Idar town is through a three storeyed clock tower cum entrance gate, with a huge arch and semi circular dome at the top. The road, with a colourful bazaar on both sides, leads to the tower and ends at the foothills of Idar fort.