Sahibganj district is one of the twenty-four districts of Jharkhand state, India, and Sahibganj is the administrative headquarters of this district.

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Sahibganj one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).It is one of the 24 districts in Jharkhand currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).

According to the 2011 census Sahibganj district has a population of 1,150,038,roughly equal to the nation of Timor-Leste or the US state of Rhode Island.This gives it a ranking of 407th in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 719 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,860/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 23.96%.Sahibganj has a sex ratio of 948 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 53.73%.