Salem

Salem District is a district of Tamil Nadu state in southern India. Salem is the district headquarters and other major towns in the district include Mettur, Omalur and Attur. Salem is surrounded by hills and the landscape dotted with hillocks. Salem has a vibrant culture dating back to the ancient Salem Nadu ruled by Mazhavar kings. As a district, Salem has its significance in various aspects; it is known for mango cultivation, silver ornaments, textile, sago industries and steel production. As of 2011, the district had a population of 3,482,056 with a sex-ratio of 954 females for every 1,000 males. Salem is one of the biggest cities in Tamil Nadu.

The Date of human civilization in this district reaches far back to the stone ages. The existence of prehistoric culture in Salem is evident from the discovery of Paleolithic and Neolithic stone implements and dung ash heaps in and around Salem. The culture of this region including dates back to 3rd century B.C. and the ancient Chola Nadu. Around the beginning of the Chris in Salem two thousand years ago is evident from the discovery of silver coins of the Roman Emperor Tiberices Claudices Nero (37-68 A.D.) in Koneripatti of Salem in 1987. Salem was the largest district of Tamil Nadu, it was bifurcated into Salem – Dharmapuri districts in 1965 and Namakkal district in 1997.

According to 2011 census, Salem district had a population of 3,482,056 with a sex-ratio of 954 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.A total of 344,960 were under the age of six, constituting 180,002 males and 164,958 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 16.67% and 3.43% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the district was 65.64%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.The district had a total of 915,967 households. There were a total of 1,694,160 workers, comprising 247,011 cultivators, 396,158 main agricultural labourers, 132,700 in house hold industries, 785,161 other workers, 133,130 marginal workers, 9,993 marginal cultivators, 58,052 marginal agricultural labourers, 8,803 marginal workers in household industries and 56,282 other marginal workers.

Salem district has many educational institutions including government schools, private schools (Holy Cross -Ammapet, Yercaud montford, St.John’s MHSS, Jayarani GHSS,Cluny convent, Srk Matric&hr secondary school, Malco vidyalaya, MAM matric&hr sec school (Mettur dam), Gv Matric&hr sec school, St.Maries school,Vaideeswara hr sec school (Mettur RS), Pkmghs school (Madhanaicken patti) and hundred years traditional institution Government arts college (autonomous) salem-7,Government arts college for women, salem8, Sri sarada college for women, Vysya College, Jairam arts and science college, Thiagarajar Polytechnic college (Autonomous), Sona college of Engineering (Autonomous), Engineering colleges including the Government College of Engineering and Periyar University.