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Satyendra Nath Bose was an eminent physicist after whom ‘Bosons’, one of the two classes of particles in quantum mechanics, was named. He was a self-taught scholar who rose to prominence during the 1920s for his work on quantum mechanics and went on to work with the renowned German physicist, Albert Einstein. He studied science at the Presidency College, Calcutta, where he had the fortune to be taught by illustrious teachers like Jagadish Chandra Bose and Prafulla Chandra Ray. He became a research scholar at a time when new discoveries were being made in the field of physics. Quantum theory and related concepts were creating a stir in the scientific community and Bose did some important work in this field, particularly on the Planck’s black body radiation law. He sent his work to Albert Einstein who recognized the significance of the Indian scientist’s findings and soon collaborated with him to work on certain important ideas that formed the basis for Bose–Einstein statistics. Bose was a polyglot and also had varied interests in diversified fields, such as, philosophy, arts and music.

Satyendra was the eldest child of Surendranath Bose, a former accountant who worked for the East Indian Railways. He had six younger sisters.
He went to the New Indian School before moving on to the Hindu school. From a young age he demonstrated a deep interest in mathematics and science.
After schooling, he enrolled at the Presidency College, Calcutta to study intermediate science. There he was tutored by luminous teachers like Jagadish Chandra Bose and Prafulla Chandra Ray.

He completed his BSc in mixed mathematics in 1913 and MSc in 1915. He had a brilliant academic record and scored very high marks in his MSc exams setting a record that is yet to be broken.
He joined the University of Calcutta as a research scholar in 1916. This was a very exciting time in the annals of science as new discoveries were being made.