Sawai Madhopur District is a district of Rajasthan state in western India. Sawai Madhopur is the chief town and district headquarters.

Sawai Madhopur District has an area of 4498 km².It is bounded by Dausa District on the north, Karauli District on the northeast, Jaipur District on the northwest, the Chambal River on east across the border of Madhya Pradesh state, Kota District on the southeast, Bundi District on the south, and Tonk District on the west.

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Sawai Madhopur one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).It is one of the twelve districts in Rajasthan currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).

According to the 2011 census Sawai Madhopur district has a population of 1,338,114, roughly equal to the nation of Mauritius or the US state of Maine.This gives it a ranking of 362nd in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 297 inhabitants per square kilometre (770/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.79%.Sawai Madhopur has a sex ratio of 894 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 66.19%.