Serchhip

Serchhip District is one of the eight districts of Mizoram state in India. The district occupies an area of 1421.60 km². Serchhip town is the administrative headquarters of the district. This district came into existence on 15 September 1998, being carved out of the larger Aizawl District.Because of the way it was created it includes part of East Lungdar Tehsil and part of Thingsulthliah Tehsil.

The district is bounded on the north and northwest by Aizawl District, on the west and south by Lunglei District, on the southeast by Myanmar (Burma), and on the east by Champhai District.

The district is mostly a hilly terrain with some alluvial benches along its rivers that are utilized for agriculture.Serchhip District lies between the Mat River and the Tuikum River. The Tuikum is utilized for public drinking water for the town of Serchhip and the Mat provides irrigation water to Zawlpui, considered the “rice bowl” of Serchhip.Vantawng Falls, the highest waterfall in Mizoram, is located in the district about 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) south of the town of Thenzawl on the Lau River.

With an average elevation 888 metres (2,913 ft),the average annual daily temperature ranges from 15 °C to 27 °C and the rainfall is moderate.

According to the 2011 census Serchhip district has a population of 64,937, roughly equal to the nation of Marshall Islands.This gives it a ranking of 626th in India (out of a total of 640). Approximately a third of the population live in and around the town of Serchhip. The district has a population density of 46 inhabitants per square kilometre (120/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 20.56%. Serchhip has a sex ratio of 977 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 97.91%.Most of the population is engaged in agricultural pursuits.

In 1991 the area became home to the Khawnglung Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of 35 km².