Shahdol

Shahdol is a city in Shahdol district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of Shahdol District. Shahdol is also the 10th Division of Madhya Pradesh state, including Shahdol, Anuppur, Umaria, and Dindori districts.

Shahdol district has lush green forests, a natural wealth of coal and minerals, and a primitive tribal population.

There is a Virateshwar temple of Lord Shiv in Sohagpur Baan Ganga. Kalchuri King Maharaja Yuvraj Deva had it built between 950 and 1050 AD to present it to the Acharya of Golkaki Math.

District Shahdol is predominantly hilly. It is picturesque with certain pockets and belt of SAL and mixed forests. The total geographical area of the district is 5671 km2.

Adjacent to the District Shahdol are the boarding districts Dindori, Satna, Sidhi, Umaria, Anuppur and Rewa.

As of 2011 India census, Shahdol had a population of 100,565. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Shahdol has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 86%, and female literacy is 72%. 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.

There is a Virateshwar temple of Lord Shiva in Sohagpur Vanganga. Kalchuri King Maharaja Yuvraj Deva had got it built between 950 A.D. and 1050 A.D. to present it to the Acharya of Golkaki Math. Many Archaeologists consider this temple as the temple of Karn Deva. On reaching the campus of this 70 feet height temple one can find this beautiful example of Kalchuri Age architecture. When you ascend the five steps of the terrace of this temple, you will find Nandi and Lion as if welcoming you. The statue of Mahavir, Shiv and Parvati in dancing posture, the statue of Saraswati, Ganesh, Vishnu, Nrisingh, Vyal, beautiful young woman taking out a thorn, fighting men, Lord Krishna playing flute, beautiful erotic postures related to Kamsutra, Vinavadini, Ardhnarishwar will fascinate you. Having the statues of Agni Devata, Panchlokpal, Batuk Bhairav, Amrut Bhairav, Nag Couple etc. this temple is the beauty of District. A multi armed dancing Shiva is of great interest of this temple. Several erotic figures have close resemblance to the sculptures of Khajuraho. The temple bears influence of Chandella and Parmara art of coeval period.

The climate of the district is moderate. It rains from June to October in the district. The temperature remains the highest in the month of June and the lowest in the Month of January. The maximum and minimum temperature of the district remain 46oC and -1oC.

Sal, amla, teak, sarai and shisham are the main trees found in this district. The flower of mahua and guli provide edible oil. Mahua flower is mostly used for making wine by tribal people.

There are a number of coal mines in the district and coal is found from the southern part of the district. Besides this, there are mines of fire-clay, red and yellow ochers and marble.

According to a 1998 survey, there are 116 industries (large scale and small scale) in the district. The famous Orient Paper Mill is situated in Amlai. Small scale industries of polythene and baskets of bamboo are also run in the district.