Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar district (formerly Nawanshahr district) is one of the districts in the state of Punjab in North-West Republic of India. It consists of three Sub -Divisions Nawanshahr, Banga and Balachaur. There are three legislative seats in the district, Nawanshahr, Balachaur and Banga. They fall under the Anandpur Sahib Lok Sabha Constituency.
Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar district was carved out of Hoshiarpur and Jalandhar districts of Punjab on 7 November 1995, as the sixteenth district of Punjab State named from the headquarters town of Nawanshahr. Nawanshahr was founded by the migrants from Rahon near the Sutluj river as Rahon was in danger of being flooded. They named it Nawanshahar (New City). Nawanshahr has been the stronghold of the Ghorewaha Rajputs allied to king Akbar via kinship ties.
Dewan Banna Mal Misr (Gautam) was born in Gautam Brahmin family of Nawanshahr. Dewan Banna Mal was Manager with full sovereign Powers of His Highness Maharaja Sir Randhir Singh Bahadur of Kapurthala’s Estates in Oudh and served as Chief Minister Of Kapurthala State. Dewan Banna Mal built beautiful Temple Shivala Banna Mal near Municipal Committee office, Nawanshahr. It was built in year 1862 and tall and huge structure Haveli Banna Mal Di Haveli in Vaidan Mohalla in Nawanshahr. Dewan Banna Mal’s sons Dewan Acchru Mal Gautam and Dewan Sundri Mal Gautam (Both Revenue Minister of Kapurthala State has built Brahmkund Mandir at backside of Shalimar Bagh in Kapurthala. There is a village in Mand area of Kapurthala on the Bank of River Beas “Bana Mal Wala” after Dewan Banna Mal Gautam’s name and Brahampur villages in Tehsil Phagwara which was accorded as Jagir by Maharaja Sir Randhar Singh Bahadur. Dewan Banna Mal’s descendants are prominent citizens today settled in Kapurthala, Phagwara, Dehradun and Delhi.
Nawanshahr district is located at 31.8°N 76.7°E.
According to the 2011 census Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar district has a population of 614,362, roughly equal to the nation of Solomon Islands or the US state of Vermont.This gives it a ranking of 522nd in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 479 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,240/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 4.58%.Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar has a sex ratio of 954 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 80.3%.