Shimoga, officially renamed as Shivamogga, is a city and the district headquarters of Shimoga District in the central part of the state of Karnataka, India. The city lies on the banks of the Tunga River. Being the gateway for the hilly region of the Western Ghats, the city is popularly nicknamed as “Gateway of Malnad”.

The city is 569 m above sea level and is surrounded by lush green paddy fields, arecanut and coconut groves. The population of Shimoga city is 322,428, consisting of 161,978 males and 160,450 females, as per 2011 census.

Shimoga has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi’s flagship Smart Cities Mission

The name of the city is derived from the term “shivmoga”, “History behind the city name due to story that the Lord Shiva drunk Tunga river water using Mogge at the city, hence the city name Shiva-mogga”. An alternative etymology is that the name is derived from the term “Sihi-Mogge”, meaning “sweet pot”. The district formed the southern tip of Emperor Ashoka’s Mauryan Empire in the third century BC. It was ruled during later centuries by the Kadambas (4th century), Chalukyas (6th century), Gangas, Rashtrakutas (8th century), Hoysalas (11th century), and the Vijayanagara rulers (15th century). The city got an independent identity under the Keladi Nayaka rule during the 16th century[citation needed], reaching its pinnacle under the rule of Shivappa Nayaka.

In summer (April–May), temperature crosses 36 °C at Shimoga.

Shivamogga is an important center for high school and pre-university education (classes 11th and 12th) in Karnataka, along with many other major cities in Karnataka. Bhadravathi is also a major education centre of the district. Notable institutes in Shivamogga for pre-university (PU) education include: Sri Aurobindo PU College, PACE PU College, Acharya PU College (Nandana Education Trust, Vidya Bharathi PU College, National College, Vidyanikethan College, Sacred Heart, Adichunchangiri P.U. College, DVS P.U. Independent college, DVS Composite College, PES P.U. College. The city gains its importance in part because of lack of good institutes in other parts of the district.