Sikar

Sikar district is a district of the Indian state Rajasthan in western India. The town Sikar is the district headquarters of the Sikar district.

The district is located in the north-eastern part of the state of Rajasthan. It is bounded on the north by Jhunjhunu district, in the north-west by Churu district, in the south-west by Nagaur district and in the south-east by Jaipur district. It also touches Mahendragarh district of Haryana on its north-east corner.

The district has an area of 7742.44 km² and a population of 26,77,737 (2011 census). Sikar, Churu district and Jhunjhunu district’s comprise the Shekhawati region of Rajasthan. The old name of Sikar was “Veer Bhan Ka Bas”.

According to the 2011 census Sikar district has a population of 2,677,737, roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait or the US state of Nevada.This gives it a ranking of 150th in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 346 inhabitants per square kilometre (900/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 17.04%.

The district has a hot summer, scanty rainfall, a chilly winter season and a general dryness of the air, except in the brief monsoon season. The maximum and minimum temperatures are 47 to 48 and 1 to 0 degrees Celsius, respectively. The average temperature around the year is about 16 to 20 degrees Celsius. The normal rainfall, mostly received from the southwest monsoon, is 459.8 mm.

Sikar district has become a hub for education in Rajasthan state. Along with government colleges providing arts, sciences, and commerce education, private educational institutes play a good role in imparting education in the district. Mody Institute of Technology and Science, which is in the Lakshmangarh town of the district imparts girls’ education. Other reputed colleges includes Sobhasaria Engineering College.There is one Government Polytechnic College in Sikar district. Here some famous institutes provide coaching for engineering and medical exams. Some institutes are Gurukripa, CLC, Resonance, Career Point, PCP, Samarpan, Matrix, BNM Academy. Around 350-400 students were selected in 2013 IIT JEE from these local institutes. Sikar is the smallest city which has IIT JEE Advance centre. Youth men(below 35) provide a major role in Indian defense services compared to other districts of Rajasthan.