Solapur District is a district in Maharashtra state of India. The city of Solapur is the district headquarters. It is located on the south east edge of the state and lies entirely in the Bhima and Seena basins.The entire district is drained by the Bhima River.Solapur district leads Maharashtra in production of Indian cigarettes known as beedi.

Solapur is an ancient historical and religious place with Shri Shivyogi Siddharameshwar as its Gramadevata. Shri Siddharameshwar was a historical figure of the 12th century whose “Karmayoga” on his own native land-Solapur, turned him into a God-figure over the course of time. Siddharama was a great contributor to Lingayata religion and he is considered as one of the six prophets of Lingayat religion. He had gained the “Siddhi”. As Solapur was a drought prone area, Shri Siddharameshwar dug a lake with the help of 4000 “Sharanas” to solve the problem of potable water. He entombed himself alive (Shivyogsamadhi) at Solapur.

During the Indian independence movement, the people of Solapur enjoyed full freedom on 9, 10 and 11 May 1930. However, this resulted in the executions of Shri Mallappa Dhanshetti, Shri Kurban Hussein, Shri Jagannath Shinde and Shri Kisan Sarda who were hanged on 12 January 1931, in the prison at Pune. This resulted in the city becoming recognized as “The City of Hutatmas”.

The presiding deity of Maharashtra, Lord Vitthal is at Pandharpur in this district. Swami Samarth of Akkalkot has followers from all walks of life. Solapur is famous as a textile town, especially owing to its talented weavers’ community, and is an important railway junction on the North-South train line.

Solapur has the top suger factory’ s in india.The number is 36 in 2016 and can go to 40 in next year .The production of to sugar is 8% to total production in India and 17% in state. The copower production of suger mill will reach 750 mv in next 3 years which is 500 mv now.The industry is given 40000 employers in this district. Also NTPC is setting 1320 mv power plant of in south solapur of investment 10000 cr. Due to growing demand of cement in state four cement factory are start production of cement in south Solapur namely ultratech cement of investments of 1000 cr, chettinad cement to investment 1500 cr, birla cement to investment 1000cr and zuari cement of investment 500 cr.

It is, however, a redeeming feature of the economy of Sholapur that there has been a remarkable growth of industrialisation. Sholapur occupies an important place in the industrial map of Maharashtra and ranks fourth in the State as regards industrialisation. Sholapur city is a centre of cotton textile mills and powerloom industry which have earned it a reputation not only in the State but also in the entire western India. The textile industry and other ancillary industries as well as agro-industries form an important segment of the district economy as they provide employment to over 30,000 workers and contribute to the general prosperity of the city.

Besides the growth of industrialisation, there are other remarkable facts which should be considered in the context of the economic development of Sholapur district. The irrigation facilities available from the Nira Right Bank Canal have thrown open very good opportunities for the cultivation of sugarcane in the areas around Malshiras, Malinagar, Akluj, Borgaon, Chitalenagar and Natepute. A virtually revolutionary change in the economic face of these areas appears to have crystallised during the last about twenty years. The dry stretches of wilderness, which were frequented by ravaging famines, have been transformed into rich and luxuriant sugarcane plantation. These areas formerly presented a gloomy spectacle of uneconomic cultivation much below the subsistence level and very often exposed to famines and starvation. Human efforts in the form of irrigation facilities, however, have brought about unprecedented prosperity to the same areas. Hostile and capricious Nature is harnessed to the goal of economic development.

The economic trends in the district are described below in the context of the imbalance in the economic growth of the district. The imbalance may be conceived to be in respect of the prosperity of the sugarcane-growing belt, the utter backwardness of the traditionally famine-stricken areas, and the growth of industrialisation in Sholapur and Barshi.

According to the 2011 census Solapur District has a population of 4,315,527, roughly equal to the nation of Moldova or the US state of Kentucky.This gives it a ranking of 43rd in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 290 inhabitants per square kilometre (750/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 12.1%.[11] Solapur has a sex ratio of 932 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 77.72%.