Sri-Ganganagar

Sri Ganganagar district is a northernmost district of Rajasthan state in western India. It is also the ‘breadbasket of Rajasthan’.

Named after Maharaja Ganga Singh of Bikaner, Sri Ganganagar district was part of Bikaner state. This was a mostly uninhabited region. The history of this district is testimony to the vision and efforts of Maharaja Ganga Singh, who visualised and built the Gang Canal after the Indian famine of 1899–1900. The waters of the Sutlej River were brought into the region through the 89-mile long Gang Canal in 1927, turning this region into a breadbasket of Rajasthan.

It is said by the elders that this area first came under the erstwhile Bahawalpur princely state but due to the large open area this was unguarded, and Hindu Mal, one of the companions of Maharaja Ganga Singh took advantage of this opportunity and changed the boundaries or the posts along the boundary. He started his journey to change posts from Suratgarh in south till Hindumalkot in north of this district. He informed the Maharaja about his successful invasion of the area when he reached the northern part and thereafter died giving name to the city Hindumalkot.

The economy of Sri Ganganagar District is dependent on agriculture. Major crops of the region are wheat, cotton, mustard, guar, grams, and sugarcane. Horticulture is also becoming popular among farmers. Kinnow (a citrus family fruit) is a popular horticultural product; other fruits of the citrus family are also grown.

Industries in Sri Ganganagar District are based on agriculture. Major industries are cotton ginning and pressing factories, mustard oil mills, wheat flour mills, sugar mills, and cotton spinning and textile factories. Most of the factories are located in and around Sriganganagar City.

According to the 2011 census Sri Ganganagar district has a population of 1,969,520, roughly equal to the nation of Slovenia or the US state of New Mexico.This gives it a ranking of 235th in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 179 inhabitants per square kilometre (460/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 10.06%.Ganganagar has a sex ratio of 887 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 70.25%.

Punjabi and Bagri, are the most common spoken language. A number of writers of the district have made contributions to Rajasthani literature, through Bagri.Bagri is spoken only in Ganganagar and Hanumangarh districts and in some tehsils of neighbouring Punjab and Haryana.

Hindi, Punjabi are also used in this district. Hindi and English are official languages.The Punjabi language, as an optional subject, is taught in schools and colleges of the district. Punjabi music is very popular in the Ganganagar district. Bagri and Punjabi both share many common words here.

Most people practice the Hindu and Sikh religions. People worship folk gods such as Ramdevji, Gogaji and Jambhoji. Many have faith in Pirs and Saints and they visit their khanghahs (shrines). Some practise Islam. Some follow Dera-culture, such as Sachcha-Sauda, Radha-Soami and Nirankari deras.

The waters of canals has changed both flora and faunas of this area. Apart from domestic and common animals this area has also some wild animals. Rojh or Neelgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus) are common mammals found in farms and sandy dunes. The farmers have to care about their crops from these animals. Sometimes Neelgai comes on roads and becomes reason of accidents. The snakes.Goh,Sanha(Sanda),Wild rats etc. are other wild animals of this area.