Tamenglong is a small town, district headquarters of Tamenglong district in the state of Manipur in India. The town is located in the western part of the state. People of Zeliangrong communities dominantly lives in this town . Rongmei language is dominantly spoken in and around the town. Tamenglong lies on the hilltop that descends to Barak river.
The land was believed to have been formed due to orogenic movement during cretaceous and Eocene period. The main rock formations are sandstone, shale, schist. Due to weak and fragile nature of rocks and high gradient of the hill slopes, landslide is a common phenomenon in the whole district in rainy season.
Tamenglong HQ can be reached through Roadways. From Imphal (State Capital) three buses depart at 6.00 am to reach Tamenglong the same afternoon.
Tamenglong District is blessed with virgin forests, exotic orchids, rare and endangered plants, and wildlife. The forests can be grouped as tropical evergreen forest, subtropical forest and bamboo brakes. The dense tropical evergreen forests are located along both the sides of rivers flowing in the district, varieties of ground flora, creepers, herbs and grasses are found here. These forest are the main source of timbers. Cane brakes are found in and around water bodies. The sub-tropical forests
Tamenglong district of Manipur is blessed with a topography of irregular undulation. It has in its small area most of the awesome features that nature mould to a hilly terrain. Turbulent waters, roaring waterfall, pitching dark caves, enchanting lakes of the wilderness, rocks chiseled to wondrous form and yet the thick blanket of dense tropical forest most part of which are still virgin. Highlighted below are some of the popular places that have attracted a number of tourists round the year.
Geographical Area 4,391 km2. Population 111,499 Altitude (above MSL) 1260 m Latitude (HQ) 24.59 N Longitude (HQ) 93.30 E Rainfall (HQ) 3135 mm. Temperature Maximum 31oC Minimum 4oC Literacy 70.40%
Tamenglong is inhabited by the majority Zeliangrong Naga tribe (comprising Rongmai, Liangmai, Zeme, and Puimai) and Kukis Tribe . Racially or physically and linguistically Zeliangrongs are Tibeto-Burman (Indo-Mongoloid) of Sino-Tibetan family of the Mongolian race. Based on history it is assumed that Mongoloid groups including Zeliangrong Nagas were inhabiting the upper course of the Yangtze and Howang Ho rivers in China in the prehistoric times.
The Zeliangrong belongs to patriarchal social system. Each clan enjoys equal status. Clan exogamy is strictly observed. Cross-cousin marriage is most preferred but parallel cross-cousin is seldom. Besides following many other normal customs of a Naga-tribe, they also have some strange and fearful customs. Some of them are as below: Nasitheimei or Nathitheimei:
Festivals and Dances of the Zeliangrong are closely linked up with religion, which is associated with their economic vocation and socio-cultural ethos. Festivals reflect different stages of agricultural activities, here talents, physical strength are expressed. Every month there is a festival.
Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as humid subtropical (Cwa).Tamenglong is a highland which makes the temperatures cooler. The warmer months are extremely rainy. July receives most rain while December is the driest.