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Teeyan festival is synonymous to well-being, affluence and pleasure. Indian women and young unmarried girls gather collectively on this very religious and joyous festival to celebrate and make merry for the beginning of monsoon season. Teeyan or Teej is extensively popular in the northern area of India like Chandigarh, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Orissa.
The meaning of the word “TEEYAN”, which in Punjabi pronunciation is ‘tee-aan’, reflects the celebration of flourishing and blissful married life. The newly married girls come to their parental house to celebrate this festival along with their friends and welcome the rainy season for good. For this occasion, usually a fair is planned where they enjoy the riding on swing. This is a time when rural women particularly indulge and enjoy themselves in buying bead necklaces, bangles, bindis, apply henna tattoos on feet and hands and eating splendid dishes.
The married women receive gifts and cloths on this occasion from their parents and other male relatives. The ladies of Chandigarh look forward to celebrate ‘TEEYAN’ every year and start preparing for the festival well ahead of time for competitions like Charkha (spinning wheel), Giddha Dance (known as sister of Bhangra), Bholiyan (couplets), Mehendi (Henna) art, Sidhni (mockery) and crown for Miss Teeyan.
The women on this day dress themselves in their best cloths adorned by customary ornaments to gather at one place to celebrate this event and look like a mixture of beauty and color.
Young men and women ardently celebrate the festival of ‘Teej’. Many colleges and schools in Punjab arrange cultural programmes and competitions at the Teej functions. Few of the competitions are arranged on higher level with wholly cultural and traditional themes and are attended by superior Government officers. Categories for competitions include dance, mehendi, painting, singing and rangoli etc. Young girls avidly participate in Teej beauty contests which are organized in colleges to win diverse titles such as “Baby Teej”, “Miss Teej” and “Teej Queen”.
The celebrations of Teej in villages are also full of bliss and vitality. Women and girls get together to carry out Teej rituals. After adorning their feet and hands with elaborate Mehendi designs, the females swing on decked swings known as peeng.
Girls dedicate the dance of Gidda on Teej to their would-be-husband or husband. These Teej dances along with songs depict that women are not hesitate to sacrifice their lives for the sake of their lovers and offer prayers after dances for well being of their spouses.
Teeyan or Teej fairs are elaborated with shops and stalls displaying all the traditional items.
Many colleges and schools in Punjab arrange cultural programs and competitions to celebrate ‘TEEYAN’. Few programs are arranged on large scale which are participated by superior Government officials also. With complete traditional and cultural themes, these competitions include dance, mehendi, painting, singing and rangoli etc. Young girls eagerly take part in TEEJ beauty contests which are planned in colleges to win varied titles such as “Baby Teej”, “Miss Teej” and “Teej Queen”.
Also in villages, ‘TEEJ’ is celebrated with complete vigor and enjoyment. Women with young girls together carry out Teej rituals. After decorating their feet and hands with detailed Mehendi designs, the female folk swing on garlanded swings known as peeng.