Vijayawada is a city on the banks of the Krishna River, in the Indian stateof Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipal corporation and the headquarters ofVijayawada (urban) mandal in Krishna district of the state. The city is one of the suburbs of the state capital Amaravati, under the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region, and the headquarters of APCRDA. The city is one of the major trading and business centres of the state and hence, it is also known as “The Business Capital of Andhra Pradesh”. The city is one of the twometropolis in the state, with the other being Visakhapatnam. As of 2011census, the city had a population of 1,048,240, making it the second largest city in the state in terms of population and it had an urban agglomerationpopulation of 1,491,202.
There are many legends behind the origin of the name Vijayawada.Goddess Durga killed the demon and relaxed in this place for some time. As she was victorious (vijaya), the place came to be known as Vijayawada (vijaya translates to victory and wada as place/location, literally “The Place of Victory”). The epic Mahabharata refers to the Indrakiladri hills as the place where Arjuna secured Pashupatastra from Lord Shiva. The city thereafter came to be known as Vijayavatika and later as Vijayawada. In some legends, Vijayawada was referred to as Rajendracholapura. A tale behind its acquiring the name “Bezawada” is that Goddess Krishnaveni (River Krishna) requested Arjuna to make a passage for her to merge into the Bay of Bengal. Hence, Arjuna made a bejjam (hole) through the mountains and the place came to be known as Bejjamwada which later changed to Bezawada.
Vijayawada history reveals that Bezawada (Vijayawada) was ruled by King Madhava Varma (Ancestor of Pusapatis of Vizianagaram).
Major projects during British rule are, the Prakasam Barrage, was completed and a railway bridge over the River Krishna that connected Guntur City and its district was one of many improvements constructed.
The average humidity is 78%, and the average annual rainfall is 921.5 millimetres (36 in). Vijayawada gets its rainfall from both the southwest monsoon and northeast monsoon. With its hot and humid conditions, the city is often referred asBlazewada.
The Vijayawada City Police is headed by a Police Commissioner, who is an Indian Police Service officer of Additional Director General of Police rank along with two Deputy Commissioners of Police who are also IPS officers. The presentPolice commissioner is Goutham Savangh. This city also has its own Commissionarate.