Warangal pronunciation is a city and the district headquarters of Warangal district in the Indian state of Telangana. It is also the mandal headquarters of Warangal mandal in Warangal revenue division. As of 2011 census of India, the city had a population of 811,844, making it the2nd most populous in the state. In 2014, the city was included in the proposed HRIDAY – Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojanaby Government of India, along with eleven other Indian cities. It was also listed among the 100 proposed smart cities that will be eligible for additional investment to improve urban infrastructure and industrial opportunities.
Koranakula and Akshalinagaram. Aravabinakosam, a literary work of Ragunatha Bhaskar mentioned Warangal asEkasilanagaram.
Warangal, then known as Orugallu, was the capital of the Kakatiya dynastyfrom 1195 CE until that ruling family was defeated by the Delhi Sultanate in 1323. The city was then renamed as Sultanpur.
Warangal is located at 18.0°N 79.58°E. It has an average elevation of 302 metres (990 feet). It is settled in the eastern part of Deccan Plateau made up of granite rocks and hill formations which left the region barren making the cultivation depend on seasonal rainfalls. There are no river flows nearby warangal, which makes it to rely on Kakatiya Canal which originates fromSriram Sagar Project to meet the drinking water requirements. Located in the semi-arid region of Telangana, Warangal has a predominantly hot and dry climate. Summer starts in March, and peak in May with average high temperatures in the 42 °C (108 °F) range. The monsoon arrives in June and lasts until September with about 550 mm (22 in) of precipitation. A dry, mild winter starts in October and lasts until early February, when there is little humidity and average temperatures in the 22–23 °C (72–73 °F) range. Many hill rocks and lakes are located around warangal. Padmakshi hill and Govinda Rajula Gutta are two famous hills with temples. Bhadrakali Lake and Waddepally Lake are the two famous lakes which adds scenic beauty and also are the major sources of drinking water.
Agriculture is the main economic activity with irrigation depending mainly on monsoon and seasonal rainfalls. Major crops are paddy, cotton, mango and wheat. Warangal benefits from the Godavari lift irrigation scheme which is designed to lift water from the Godavari river to irrigate drought prone areas in the Telangana region.